APRIL 8, 2018
After visiting Agra Fort, we had lunch at a restaurant in Agra. Then our driver took us to Fatehpur Sikri. Fatehpur Sikri is a town in the Agra district of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is 40 km far from Agra.
The city was founded as the capital of Mughal Empire in 1571 by Emperor Akbar. It was capital of Mughal empire from 1571 to 1585. But it was completely abandoned in 1601. Akbar abandoned Fatehpur Sikri due to shortage of water and frequent wars between Mughals and Rajputs. Akbar made Agra his capital in 1601. Currently the mosque( Jama Masjid) inside the complex is in use now.
Sikri as a village first noticed by Babar. It was also the home of the Sufi Saint Salim Chisti. It is said that Akbar visited him to seek his blessings for a male heir. Akbar decided to built his capital here. Then Akbar was blessed with a son whom he named Salim. He was named after the Sufi Saint Salim Chisti.
The architecture of the buildings was based on Mughal and Indian architecture. There are many structures like mosques, palaces, tombs etc. which tourists can view. The name of some of them are- Buland Darwaza, Jama Masjid, Tomb of Salim Chisti, Ibadat Khana, Jamat khana, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Jodha Bai Palace, Panch Mahal, Birbal’s house,Anup Talao,Hiran Minar etc.
Akbar built Buland Darwaza to commemorate the victory over Gujarat. Buland Darwaza is the highest gateway of the World which was built by red sandstone, white marble and black marble. It is a 15- storied building having the height of 54 m and the entrance to the city from the southern side. Tourists have to climb 42 steps to reach the gate.
TOMB OF SALIM CHISTI
The tomb of Salim Chisti was built by Akbar in order to respect the Saint prayed for him for having a male son to become his heir.
JODHABAI PALACE AND PANCH MAHAL
Jodha Bai Palace is massive and double- storeyed. Panch Mahal was built by Akbar. It was built by such a way that it provided relaxation during summer.
Fatehpur Sikri is made up of two different parts-the mosque and the palace complex. Visitors require a ticket for the palace complex but not the mosque. The cost is 610 rupees for foreigners and 50 rupees for Indians.